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Coursework Сommunicative words

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Код роботи: 4701

Вид роботи: Coursework

Предмет: Іноземна мова (англійська). Англійська мова (Foreign English)

Тема: Сommunicative words

Кількість сторінок: 30

Дата виконання: 2016

Мова написання: англійська

Ціна: 550 грн


1. Linguistics field

1.1. Literature review

1.2. Semantic field

1.3. Registers

2. Semantic field of communicative words

2.1. Semantic field of communicative words in historical sciences

2.2. The Application of Semantic Field



Scientists communicate to brainstorm ideas and be creative, formulate research questions, solve experimental or theoretical problems, disseminate results, and get feedback. Several authors emphasize the importance of communication to science. Garvey (1979) states: “communication is the essence of science.” Abelson, an editor of the journal Science said, “without communication there would be no science” (1980, quoted in Lacy & Bush, 1983, p. 193). The peer-reviewed journal article – polished, archived, and findable – is only one facet of the scholarly communication process. Science is inherently social and informal scholarly scientific communication forms the backbone that connects scientists and enables scientific progress.

Information and communication technologies have transformed our world in many ways; yet, informal scholarly scientific communication forms a socio-technical interaction network in which communication is influenced by technology but defined by the social structures of scientists and their organizations (Kling, McKim, & King, 2003; Lamb, Sawyer, & Kling, 2000). Researchers know a lot about informal scholarly scientific communication through a rich history of study of the social structure of science and scholarly communication prior to the widespread availability of information and communication technologies such as e-mail, the internet, and instant messaging. The purpose of this paper is review what we know about informal scholarly scientific communication and to examine exactly what influences information and communication technologies have had on the existing structures. An understanding of this interaction of social structure and media effects is important to better support the information seeking and communication of scientists.

The importance of the English language cannot be overemphasized. Comfort with English is almost a prerequisite for success in the world today. Regardless of the industry, proficiency in English is an important factor in both hiring and promotion decisions.

A lot of us have studied English in school and are fairly comfortable with reading and writing. However, we hesitate while speaking because we feel that we lack the fluency and may make grammatical mistakes. We are afraid of speaking English in formal situations and we are quick to switch to our native language once we are in the company of our family and friends.

There is no quick fix when it comes to improving your command over a particular language. It always requires a lot of time and effort.

As stated previously, English words come in all sizes and degrees of difficulty from numerous languages past and present to give us English-vocabulary words for better communication.

- Communication can not be achieved without words except for a few superficial methods; such as, a twitch, a wink, a nudge, a kiss, a hug, a caress, or with some kind of physical violence.

- Real communication, creative communication, communication that can sustain and uplift and inspire, is only possible with words.

- The richest of the world's languages, which number over two thousand, is English in its various modes of expression.

- The English language is rich because it is not pure.

- It is a vast ocean that has received global contributions from just about every language.

- Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803-82, U.S. essayist, lecturer, and poet) described English as, "the sea which receives tributaries from every region under heaven."

- It has taken just about two thousand years to evolve.

- Over the centuries, major contributions came from the Celts, Jutes, Angles, Saxons, Greeks, Romans, Danes, Normans, Dutch, Germans, Spaniards, Arabs, and the French.


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